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汽车生产制造行业专业术语

时间:2020-09-19   访问量:36
编号缩写英文全称及说明中文解释说明
10-100-30To produce products at full volume that meet Customer  requirements with 0 recordable injuries, 0 rejected parts per million, and  100% on time delivery, 30 after launch.使正式生产的产品满足顾客要求,并确保0可记录事故,0RPPM,100%准时交付,在投产30天内。
20SA abbreviation which equals to PPAP零批量,类似于生产件批准程序
33/6/12MIS3/6/12 Month in Service Incidents per Thousand Vehicle使用3/6/12月的每千辆车故障数
42TPA abbreviation which means that supplier launches  pre-production to verify the production capability. GM names it as  GP9.两日生产,指供应商进行预生产来验证其批产能力。通用称为GP9
53C/CCCChina Compulsory Certification中国强制认证
63GGo and See, Get the Fact, Grasp the Countermeasure开展现场调查,了解问题根本原因,制定出有效措施
73MMuda, Mura, Mari浪费,无稳,无理(日文)——常作改善的核查点
83PPosition, Person, Performance岗位,能力,绩效(付薪制度)
94M1EMan, Machine, Material, Method, Environment人机料法环——现场管理五大要素,问题分析五大方面
105MMan, Machine, Material, Method, Measure人员,机器,材料,方法,测量
115M1EMan, Machine, Material, Method, Measure, Environment人机料法环测
125S1. Seiri, Seiton, Seiso, Seiketsu, Shitsuke
2. A tool to make unstable wasteful situations  become visible earlier, then to allow for quicker more effective problem  -solving.1S - Separate & Scrap, 2S- Straighten, 3S-Scrub, 4S-Standardized  and Spread, 5S-Systemize.
1. 整理,整顿,清扫,清洁,修养(日语)
2.  使不稳定因素和浪费的情况尽早地显露出来,以便快速有效地解决问题的方法。1S是分离和丢弃,2S是整理,3S是清洁,4S是标准化和推广,5S是系统化。
135W2HWho, What, When, Where, Why, How, How many何人,何事,何时,何地,为何,如何,多少
146  Sigma6 Sigma - Continuous improvement method that is designed to  improve products and services by improving the processes  by which they are六西格玛——是持续改进方法之一,通过改进产品生产工艺而改进产品及服务。
158D8 Discipline, Method that approach to identify and eliminate  the root cause of a problem.问题解决的8个步骤法,明确并消除问题的根本原因的方法。
16AAR1. Appearance Approval Report
2. Audit Action Request
1. 外观批准报告/外观手册
2. 审核措施要求
17ABS1. Antilock Braking System
2. Acrylonitrile Butadiene StyreneAcrylonitrile  Butadiene Styrene
1. 制动防抱死系统
2. 丙烯腈-丁二烯-苯乙烯,一种热塑性塑料合成聚合物树脂
18ACCAutomatic Cruise Control汽车巡航控制(系统)
19ADSLAsymmetric Digital Subscriber Line - a technology for  transmitting digital information at a high bandwidth on existing phone lines  to homes and businesses,providing continously-availabl非对称数字用户线——在现有的电话线上以高带宽传输数字信息的一项技术,提供永远在线的连接方式。因其使用大部分信道传输下行的到达用户端的信息,只一小部分传输上行数据,所以是非对称的。
20AFSAmerican Foundry Standards美国铸造标准
21AGAutomotive Group汽车集团
22AGVAutomatic Guided Vehicle自动导向车辆
23AIAGAutomotive Industry Action Group - AIAG is a famous global  organization which is founded by Daimler-Chrysler AG,Ford Motor Co.,General  Motors Corp..汽车工业行动集团——AIAG 成立于1982年,是戴姆勒-克莱斯勒 (DaimlerChrysler AG)、福特汽车  (Ford Motor Co.)、通用汽车 (General Motors Corp.) 三大汽车公司共同创建的全球公认的著名的组织。
24AISIAmerican Iron and Steel Institue美国钢铁协会
25AMEAdvanced Manufacturing Engineer前期制造工程师
26AndonA Kind of Visual Control System合肥迈斯软件暗灯系统(一种可视化的讯号系统)
27ANOMAnalysis of Means中位数分析
28ANOVAAnalysis of Variance方差分析
29ANSIAmerican National Standards Institute美国国家标准协会
30AOPAnnual Operating Plan年度运作计划
31AOQAverage Outgoing Quality平均出货质量
32AOQLAverage Outgoing Quality Limit平均出货质量界限
33APQPAdvanced Product Quality Planning先期产品质量策划
34APSAdvanced Planning and Scheduling前期计划和排程
35APWAverage Production Weekly周平均产能
36AQEAdvanced Quality Engineer前期质量工程师
37AQLAcceptable Quality Level接收准则
38AQPAdvanced Quality Planning前期质量策划
39APQPAdvanced Product Quality Planning 产品质量先期策划
40ARRArchitectural Requirements Review外观需求评审
41ASAAmerican Standards Association美国标准协会
42ASGAutomotive Systems Group - Automotive Systems Group which  belong to汽车系统集团——江森自控公司 (JCI)下属的汽车系统集团 (ASG).
43ASLApproved Supplier List - A list of approved suppliers qualified to supply certain types of commodities.合格供方清单——一份列出所有被验证的有资格提供某种类型产品的供应商的清单。
44ASNAdvanced Shipping Notice, A network operation system which helps suppliers inform customers those shipping related information such as quantity, control number before shipping.事先的发料单,指供应商应具有的一种交货提前通知的电脑连网操作系统。从而使其在出货之前,将出货资料诸如数量、货号等信息传递给客户。
45ASPApplication Services Provider - It's a company that offers    individuals or enterprises access over the Internet to applications and  related services that would otherwise have to be located in their own  personal or enterprise应用服务提供商——一种为个人或企业级用户提供通过Internet访问应用程序或相关服务的公司。从而,上述应用程序或相关服务就不必存在于用户自己的个人电脑或企业服务器上。
46ASQEAdvanced Supplier Quality Engineer前期供应商质量工程师
47MES
Manufacturing Execution Systems合肥迈斯软件研发的MES制造执行系统是一套面向制造企业车间执行层的生产信息化管理系统
48ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials美国材料实验协会
49ATAAnti-trap Algorithm防夹力算法
50ATIATI Industrial Automation公司名称,ATI工业自动化,主要业务为机器人末端执行器和自动化工
51ATMAsynchronous Transfer Mode - It's a dedicated-connection  switching technology that organizes digital data into 53-byte cell units and异步传输模式——一种专用交换技术,它把数据分割成53字节的信  元,用数字信号通过物理介质传输。每个信元独立异步传输,且在通过复用技术传输前被排队。
52ATSAnti Trap System汽车天窗的安全防夹系统
53ATT1. Anti Trap Test
2. Actual Take Time
1. 汽车天窗的安全防夹功能的测试
2. 实际单件工时
54AVAppraiser Variation评价者变差
55AWArc welding弧焊
56B2BBusiness to Business - It's the exchange of products, services,  or information between businesses.电子商务交流平台——是指互联网上企业间产品、服务、信息的交换
   。
57B2CBusiness to Customer - B2C is the retailing part of e-commerce  on the Internet.企业对消费者的商务—— 是指互联网上开展的电子商务中网上零售业务部分。
58BBBlack Belt - Six sigma project coordinator黑带——6σ项目协调人
59BBPBest Busniess Practice最佳业务实践
60BBSBulletin Board System电子公告牌系统
61BCMBody Control Module车身控制模块
62BETBusiness Engagement Team业务报价团队
63BIBusiness Intelligence商务智能
64BIOSBasic Input Output System - It's the program a personal  computer's microprocessor uses to get the computer system started after you  turn it on. It also manages data flow between
基本输入输出系统——它是个人电脑微处理器用来在电源打开后启动系统的程序,同时也管理操作系统和硬盘,显卡,键盘,鼠标,打印机等附加设备之间的数据流。
65BIWBody in White白车身
66BLTSBottom Load Top Slider汽车天窗的一种配置形式,滑轨在上部,天窗在车内滑动
67BMGBau Muster Genehmigung - A VW's abbreviation.产品工程样件性能检验认可(德文)——大众汽车集团通用缩略语。
68BOLBill of Labor工时清单
69BOMBill of Material - Diagram or record of all the components of  an item, the parent-component relationships and usage  quantities.物料清单——所有零件,其上级零件关系和使用量的记录和图表。
70BOSBusiness Operating System - The integrative management system  of JCI, US.业务运作系统——美国江森自控汽车系统集团综合管理体系。
71BOTBill of Tooling工装清单
72BPRBusiness Process Reengineering业务流程再设计
73BRBurning Rate燃烧速度
74ANDONANDON(安灯)
合肥迈斯软件研发的数字化Andon(按灯)管理系统,是以JIT准时制生产为准则,实现车间生产过程中的异常事件处理机制流程,以可视化的方式将车间现场的问题反馈出来,同时异常信息会进行逐层上报
75BSIBritish Standards Institute英国标准协会
76BSRBuzz, Squeak,and Rattle嗡嗡,吱吱,格格的噪声
77BTM

78BTPBuild to Print按图施工的项目
79BUBusiness Unit业务单元
80BUITBusiness Unit Information Technology业务单元信息技术
81C2CCustomer to Customer - Consumer self providing services or  product is it is individual worker providing services to be given to by
消费者对消费者的商务——消费者本身提供服务或产品给其他消费者, 最常见的形态就是个人工作者提供服务给其他消费者
82CAChange Authorization - VW names it as AEKO.更改授权——有客户称为AEKO
83CA&PACorrection Action and Prevention Action纠正和预防措施
84CABCurtain Airbag气帘式安全气囊
85CADComputer Aided Design计算机辅助设计
86CAEComputer Aided Engineering计算机辅助工程
87CAMComputer Aided Manufacturing计算机辅助制造
88CAPEXCapital Expenditures资本性支出
89CARCapital Appropriation Request - Form established to approve  spending money for capital assets.资本拨款申请——用于批准资本性支出的表格。
90CARECustomer, Acceptance, Review,  Evaluation验证岗位(顾客,接受,评审,评估)
91CASEComputer-aided Software Engineering - It's the use of a computer-assisted method to organize and control the development of software,  especially on large, complex projects involving many software
计算机辅助软件工程——使用计算机工具来帮助管理软件——特别是大的,复杂的,涉及很多组件和人员的项目——的开发。使用CASE可以让设计人员,开发人员,测试人员,计划人员及管理人员对项目进展的每一阶段都有一个统一的认识。
92CAT  5Category 5 cable used for computer connectivity5类用于电脑连接的网线
93CAT  6Category 6 cable used for computer connectivity6类用于电脑连接的网线
94CATIAComputer-Graphics Aided Three-Dimensional Interactive  Application - Full wire frame, surface and solid modeling tool for  computer-aided design.3-D制图软件——用计算机设计线框、曲面、实体模型的工具。
95CATVCable Television (Coaxial wire for sending video signals to  displays)发送显示的视频信号的同轴线
96CBUCustomer Business Unit - A kind of  software which can help the customer to develop customer financial  strategies, evaluate business cases, review and approve cu客户业务单元——一种可以用来帮助客户发展其经济平台,估算其商 务能力,报价以及对业务发展
97CC1. Critical Characteristics - CC are those product requirements  (Dimensions, Specifications Tests) or process parameters which can affect  compliance with government regulations or safe Vehicle/Product Function and  which require specific producer, assembly,
1.  关键特性——指那些能影响政府法规符合性或车辆/产品功能安全性,且应包括在控制计划之中需要特殊生产者,装配,发运,或监控措施的产品要求(尺寸,规范,试验)或过程参数。
2. 货物集散中心——国际物流上解释为从不同供应商处取货后,再装为整箱发运
98CCPCritical Control Point关键控制点
99CCWCounter Clock Wise逆时针方向的
100CD-ROMCompact Disk,Read Only Memory - A mass data memory system  of CD(Compact Disc) format to change CD(Compact  Disc) to DA(Digital只读光盘——将CD转换成数字音频的CD格式大容量数据记忆系统。
101CD-RWCompact Disk,Rewriteable - A rewriteable mass data memory  system of CD(Compact Disc) format to change CD(Compact  Disc) to DA(Digital可擦写光盘——将CD转换成数字音频的CD格式大容量可擦写数据记忆
102CE&TCapital Equipment and Tooling固定资产和设备
103CFCash Flow现金流
104CFTCross Functional Team横向职能小组
105CGICommon Gateway Interface - It's a standard way for a Web server  to pass a Web user's request to an application program and to receive data  back to forward to the user.公用网关接口——Web服务器将Web用户请求传给应用程序并把返回数据传给用户的一种标准方法。
106CHESSCorporate Health, Environmental and Safety System安全、环境和员工健康提醒
107Christmas  TreeChristmas Tree - Undirectional plastic pin that attaches  material to the frame with relative ease.圣诞树——无固定方向的塑料销,用于方便地连接其他材料和骨架。
108CIDContinuous Improvement Discusstion - Be used for performance  appraisal of salary staff, the appraisal grade is U(Unacceptable), LP(Less  Than Full Performance), FP(Full Performance), E(Excellent), D(Distinguished).持续改进讨论——用于薪水工业绩评估,评估等级分为完全不合格/低 于合格/完全合格/优秀/杰出。
109CIFCost Insurance Freight - The CIF technical term middle  translated term or name adds a freight , closes a deal according to this  technical term for cost increases a premium, the price of goods formation  includes the from port of shipment to harbor arranging purpose's general  freight and the premium arranging in the factor, therefore the seller gets  rid of the identical duty outside having with CFR technical term , handle 
到岸价——为成本加保险费加运费,按此术语成交,货价的构成因素中包括从装运港至约定目的港的通常运费和约定的保险费,故卖方除具有与CFR术语的相同的义务外,还就为买方办理货运保险,交支付保险费,按一般国际贸易惯例,卖方投保的保险金额应按CIF价加成  10%。如买卖双方未约定具体险别,则卖方只需取得最低限底的保险险别.
110CIMComputer Integrated Manufacturing计算机集成制造
111CIPContinuous Improvement Plan - CIP is prepared concurrently with  the Operational Plan and documents the actions to be taken in response to  the identified opportunities for people, process and  product improvement.持续改进计划——持续改进计划是与运营计划同时制定的,并把识别出的对人员、工艺及产品改进机会所采取的措施文件化。
112CKDCompletely Knocked Down完全拆缷——是以全散件形式作为进口整车车型的一种专有名词术  语,全散件可以是进口零部件,也可以是本地生产的零部件。在当地生产的零部件以较低的关税和较低的工资,利用当地劳动力组装成整
113CmkMachine Capability index设备能力指数
114CMMCoordinate Measurement Machine - An instrument used to measure  three dimensional size.三坐标测量仪——俗称三坐标,用于测量三维尺寸的仪器。
115CMTChina Management Team中国管理团队
116CNCComputerized Numerically Controlled数控成型生产小型或中型的批量较为复杂的样件
117C-NCAPChina - New Car Assessment Program中国新车评估测试
118COECenter of Excellence卓越中心
119Contribution  MarginContribution Margin - It amounts to net sales minus variable  cost. The variable cost, namely the cost in proportion to  production or sales such as materials in concepts of western management  accounting.边际贡献 - 公式=销售净收入(已减去折扣与折让)-变动成本
120COP1. Customer Oriented Process
2. Carry Over Parts
3. Curve on Panel
1. 顾客导向过程
2. 沿用件
121COQCost of Quality质量成本
122COSCurve on Slider
123CpCapability Index of Process稳定过程的能力指数,定义为容差宽度除以过程能力,不考虑过程有
124CPControl Plan控制计划
125CPI1. Combined Probability of Injury
2. Continuous Process Improvement
1. 头胸伤害组合概率(用于NCAP评价)
2. 连续改进过程
126CPIPCurrent Product Improvement Process产品改进过程
127CpkComplex Process Capability index - The capability index for a  stable过程能力指数——稳定过程的能力指数。
128CPLComplex Process Lower Index稳定过程的下限能力指数,定义为容差范围下限除以实际过程分布宽
129CPMCorporate Performance Management公司绩效管理
130CPPMCustomer Parts Per Million顾客(产品更换)百万分率
131CPU1. Complex Process Upper Index
2. Center Process Unit - The central chip in  computer to proceed data.
1. 稳定过程的上限能力指数,定义为容差范围上限除以实际过程分布宽度上限
2. 中央处理器——计算机中用于数据处理的核心芯片。
132CPV1. Cost Per Vehicle
2. Customer Product Volume
1. 每辆车索赔费用
2. 客户生产产量
133CQD

134CRMCustomer Relationship Management客户关系管理
135CRP1. Capacity Requirement Plan
2. Cost Reduction Program
1. 能力需求计划
2. 降价计划
136CRSChild Restraint System儿童保护系统
137CS1Controlled Shipping 1一级受控发运
138CS2Controlled Shipping 2二级受控发运
139CSOCraftsmanship Sign-Off精致工艺签发
140CTCycle Time周期时间
141CTDCumulative Trauma Disorder - Referring to is incorrect use the  computer display or uses discomfort brought about by computer excessively, happen generally in need
重复性积累伤害——指的是不正确使用电脑显示器或者过分使用电脑所造成的身体不适,通常发生在需要长年累月使用电脑的职业中,手腕组织将慢性的发炎肿胀,严重的情况下还会出现伤口从手腕到手臂的主要神经变得脆弱,带来疼痛和手指僵硬。
142CVISComplete Vehicle Inspection Standard整车检验标准
143CWClock Wise顺时针方向的
144DADeviation Authorization临时更改授权书——在未发放正式的ECR报告前,提供临时性更改的依据文件。
145DCPDynamic Control Plan动态控制计划(尺寸控制计划)
146DDPDelivery Duty Paid进口税已付,目的地交货
147DFDegree of Freedom自由度
148DFADesign for Assembly装配性设计
149DFMDesign for Manufacturing - Product delivery process with the  objective of attaining a product that may be easily  manufactured at a low cost.制造性设计——从低成本、易于制造的角度进行产品设计。
150DFMADesign for Manufacture and Assembly制造和装配设计
151DFMEADesign Failure Mode and Effects Analysis - Is a document used  to identify potential failure modes for the product.设计的潜在失效模式分析——用于确认产品潜在失效模式的文件。
152DHCPDynamic Host Config Protocol - it is a communications protocol  that lets network administrators manage centrally and automate the assignment  of IP addresses in an organization's network.动态主机配置协议——使网络管理员能够集中管理和自动分配网络IP地址的通信协议。
153DINDeutsches Institut fǖr Normung - Germany industry standard德国标准化委员会(德文)——德国工业标准
154DIYDo It Yourself - Do It Yourself (DIY) refers to the practice of  fabricating or repairing things.自己动手——自己动手包括自己动手制造和修理东西。
155DLLDynamic Link Liberary - it is a  grams,  any of which can be called when needed by a larger program that is running in  the computer. The small program that lets the larger program communicate wit动态链接库 -  一种随时可被大软件调用的程序包,使大程序可同打印机,扫描仪之类设备通信,通常被打包成DLL程序(通常称为DLL文件)
   。
156DMAICDefine/Measure/Analyze/Improve/Control - Technique where key  product- process performance variables are measured, analyzed, improved,  and  controlled using statistical methods.定义/衡量/分析/改进/控制——使用统计方法对关键产品工艺性能变量进行衡量,分析,改进,并控制的技术。
157DMRDiscrepant Material Report差异材料报告
158DNS1. Domain Network Server
2. Domain Name System - it is the way that  Internet domain name are located and translated into IP addresses.
1. 区域网络服务器
2. 域名系统——查找Internet 域名并把它翻译成IP地址的系统。
159DOEDesign of Experiments试验设计——用应用统计方法进行策划、开展、分析和解释受控测试来评估控制变量值或变量组的因素。
160DOHDays on Hand存货周转周期
161DOSDays Of Store存货天数和库存天数
162DOSDisk Operation System - An operating system that resides on a  disk.磁盘操作系统——磁盘操作系统是早期个人电脑上使用的一种主要操作系统,它是一个单用户单任务的操作系统。这是一个基于磁盘管理的操作系统。与我们现在使用的操作系统最大的区别在于,它是命令行形式的,靠输入命令来进行人机对话
163DPCADongfeng Peugeot Citroen Automobile Co. Ltd神龙汽车有限公司
164DREDesign Release Engineer设计发布工程师
165DRLDirect Run Loss一次生产通过率损失
166DSODesign Sign-Off设计签发
167DTCDiagnostic Trouble Code故障诊断代码
168DTSDimensional Technical Specifications外观技术规格
169DUNSData Universal Numbering System邓氏编码
170DVDesign Validation设计验证
171DVPDesign Verification Plan - Document describing a plan for  verifying that a product (in prototype form) will meet product  specifications.设计验证计划——确认产品符合产品技术规格的计划。
172DVP&RDesign Verification Plan and Report设计验证计划和报告
173EAMEnterprise Assets Management企业资产管理
174EBITEarnings Before Interest and Tax - Company profit excluding  interest and income tax.息税前利润——指企业所有者通过经营活动后,获得销售利润;不包括利息和缴纳所得税的盈利。
175EBOMEngineering Bill of Material工程物料清单
176ECEEconomic Community of Europe - The Economic Commission for  Europe  (ECE) was established in 1947 to encourage  economic cooperation among its欧共体——欧洲经济委员会成立于1947年,目的是鼓励其成员间的经济合作
177ECMEngineering Change Management工程变更管理
178ECOEngineering Change Order - Includes a Change Impact Matrix to guide the implementation planning;indentifies all superseded and superseding  items and documents by type,number and revision level.Provides a high  level implementation plan for one or more approved  ECR.工程变更指令——包括一个更改影响矩阵来指导实施计划,确定所有被取代和将要被取代的零件,并记录标明类型、数量和版本号。对一个或多个已批准的ECR发放高级别的实施计划。
179ECPEngineering Change Process工程更改流程
180ECREngineering Change Request - States the recommended action to  solve problems/initiate improvements/release  documents;defines the need for the工程变更申请——阐述了用于解决问题/发起改进/发放文件的推荐措施,规定了变更的需要。
181ECUElectronic Control Unit电子控制单元
182EDIElectronic Data Interchange - It's a standard format for  exchanging business电子数据交换——一种交换商务数据的标准格式。
183EFDEFD Induction公司名称,易孚迪
184EHSExtremely Hazardous Substances非常有害的物质
185ELVEnd of Life Vehicle报废车辆
186EMCElectro Magnetic Compatibility电磁兼容性
187EMPBErst Muster Pruef Bericht - A VW's abbreviation.首批样件检验报告(德文)——大众汽车集团通用缩略语。
188EMSEnvironment Management System - The part of the overall  management system that includes organizational structure, planning  activities, responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes and resources  for developing, implementing, achieving, receiving  and maintaining the环境管理系统——整个管理体系的一个组成部分,包括为制定、实施、实现、评审和保持环境方针所需的组织结构、计划活动、职责、惯例、程序、过程和资源。
189EOATEnd of Arm Tooling机械手末端工具
190EOL1. End of Line
  2. End of Life
1. 流水线末端,线末
2. 寿命终止(可靠性术语)
191EPError Proofing - Removal of all potential causes of error  through design, process, or mistake proofing devices.防错——通过设计、过程或防止出错的装置来避免所有潜在出错的可能性。
192EPCRAEmergency Planning and Community Right-to-know Act应急计划
193EPDMEthylene-Propylene-Diene Monomer三元乙丙橡胶,含双环戊二稀
194EPICEnterprise Program Information Collaboration项目信息交流
195EPLEngineering Parts List工程零件表
196ERPEnterprise Resource Planning - It's an industry term for the  broad set of activities supported by multi-module application software that  helps a manufacturer or other business manage the important parts of its企业资源计划——一个工业术语,是指制造业或其他企业用来管理生产计划、采购、库存、供应商、客户服务以及跟踪订单等重要业务的软件系统,也可包括财务及人力资源等方面。
197ERTEmergency Response Team - The team  which is to deal with the emergency occurred in the company紧急抢险队——为对公司发生的突发事件作出迅速反应尽量减少损失而成立的队伍。
198ESDElectro-Static Discharge - It's a method to reduce the object's  static to safety scope according to the requirement of safety,  product quality and etc.静电放电,防静电——考虑到安全性、产品质量等要求,将相关物体包括人体的固有静电降低至安全电位范围以内的一种手段。
199ESOEngineering Sign Off工程签署
200EVEquipment Variation设备变差
201EVAEconomic Value Added经济增加值(企业业绩评估方法)
202EVOPEvolutionary Operation调优运算
203EWOEngineering Work Order - The work order  that direct TC to do design work.工程更改——指导TC进行设计工作的工作单。
204FAQFrequently Asked Question - the questions which are related  with a relational high frequency经常性问题——被提出的频率比较高的问题
205FATFiles Allocation Table - It's a table that an operating system  maintains on a hard disk that provides a map of the cluster (the basic unit  of logical storage on a hard disk) that a file has been stored in.文件分配表——操作系统维护在硬盘上的系统表,它提供了文件占用的簇(硬盘上基本的逻辑存储单元)的映象。
206FCAFree Carrier货交承运人
207FCSTForecast预测
208FEAFinite Element Analysis - Mathematical method to evaluate and  predict stress and deflection in manufactured components.有限元分析——评价和预测压力和变形的数学方法
209FGFinished Goods成品
210FIFOFirst In First Out - One of the inventory counting principles,  often used in our country, namely the cost of inventory first in fi先进先出——这是存货计价核算的原则之一(中国常用),即采用先入库的存货,先进入生产成本,使资产负债表上的存货项目更接近现行成本。
211FMEAFailure Mode and Effects Analysis - A systematized group of  activities intended to: 1)recognize and evaluate the potential of a  product/process and its effects, 2)identify actions which could el失效模式及后果分析——一组系统化的活动旨在:1)找出和评估产品/过程的潜在失效及其后果,2)确定能消除或减少潜在失效发生机会的措施,3)把过程文件化。
212FMSFlexible Manufacturing Systems柔性制造系统
213FMVSSFederal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard - Regulates all  automotive lighting, signalling and reflective devices in the United States.
车辆安全标准——美国调控所有汽车照明设备,发信号和反射性设备。象所有其它联邦机动车安全标准,FMVSS由美国运输部国道交通安全管理执行。
214FOBFree on Board - The total cost of the suppliers who are in charge of carrying the goods from the plant to the ship离岸价——供应商负责把货物从工厂运到船上的费用,这里包括拖柜费用、报关和租仓(如果存放时间比较久)的费用算在内的价格。
215FPIRFirst Piece Inspection Report首件检查报告
216FRWFriction welding摩擦焊
217FSBFront Seat Back - The backrest of the front seat of a car前排座椅靠背——汽车前排座椅的靠背
218FSCFront Seat Cushion - The cusion of the front seat of a car前排座椅座垫——汽车前排座椅的坐垫
219FSOFinancial Sign-Off财务签发
220FTAFault Tree Analysis故障树分析
221FTEFull Time Employee
222FTPFile Transmission Protocol - It's a standard Internet protocol,  is the simplest way to exchange files between computers.文件传输协议,标准的互联网协议——标准的互联网协议,是因特网 上两个计算机间交换文件最简单的方式。
223FTQFirst Time Quality一次合格率
224FTTFirst Time Through首次合格率
225FWFlash welding闪光焊
226FYFiscal Year - The fiscal year of all enterprises is  corresponding to national accounting regulations, according to the rules of  national financial department. The date of our country is from January 1 to  December 31, western country is from April 1(or October 1) to March 31 next  year(or
Sep.30), a few countries is from July 1 to June  30 next year.
会计年度——是根据每个国家的财政部规定的财政收支的年度。所有企事业会计核算年度必须与国家规定的会计核算的起迄日期一致。我国会计年度规定是从每年1月1日至12月31日。西方国家有从4月1日起  (也常有是10月1日起)到下一年度3月31日(则到9月30日)至。少数国家是从每年7月1日起至下一年度的6月30日。
227FYIFor Your Information供你参考
228G&AGeneral and Administrative Costs一般费用与行政费用
229GAGeneral Assembly通用的装配
230GBGuo Biao国家标准(中文)
231GCAGlobal Customer Audit全球客户评分 (通用汽车全球汽车评分标准)——模拟顾客的眼光,对可售车辆的质量状况进行评定。GCA规范仅适合于全球GM系统所有汽车制造厂,它规定了车辆抽样方案、设施要求、评审项目、评定方
232GD&TGeometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing - Method to minimize production costs by showing the dimension and tolerancing  on a drawing while considering the functions or relationships of part features.几何尺寸与公差——在考虑零件功能或匹配关系时,通过在图纸上标明尺寸和公差来减少生产成本的方法。
233GDS1. Global Delivery Survey
2. Global Delivery System
1. 全球交付审查
2. 全球搬运系统
234GMGeneral Motors - General Motors Corporation (GM) is the world's  largest full-line vehicle manufacturer and marketer. Its arsenal of brands  includes Chevrolet,  Buick, Cadillac, Saturn, and Holden comprise GM's international通用(美国)——通用汽车公司是世界上最大的汽车交通工具制造商和销售商。雪佛兰,别克,凯迪拉克等一系列车型构成了通用汽车的国际品牌。
235GMAWGas Metal Arc Welding熔化极气体保护电弧焊
236GMAW-PGas Metal Arc Welding - Pulsed熔化极气体保护脉冲电弧焊
237GMAW-SGas Metal Arc Welding - Short-circuit Arc熔化极气体保护短路过度电弧焊
238GMSGlobal Manufacturing System全球制造系统
239GPGeneral Procedure通用程序
240GPCGage Performance Curve - Used for measuring the repeatability  and variation
of gage.
量具性能曲线——用于评价量具的重复性和偏值。
241GPDSGlobal Product Development System团队评估
242GPSGlobal Positioning System全球定位系统
243GQTSGlobal Quality Tracking System全球质量跟踪系统
244GR&RGauge Repeatability & Reproducibility量具(检具)重复性和再现性
245GSMGlobal System for Mobil Communication - A digital cellular  phone technology based on TDMA that is the predominant system in Europe, but also used worldwide. Developed in the 1980s, GSM was first deployed in seven  European countries in 1992. It operates in the 900MHz and 1.8GHz  bands in Europe and the 1.9GHz PCS band in the  U.S.全球移动通讯系统——一种基于时分多址技术的数字蜂窝电话技术,最先在欧洲应用,现在已经在全球范围内广泛应用。从20世纪80年代开始发展,GSM于1992年首先在七个欧洲国家实施应用,在欧洲使用  900MHz和1.8GHz两个波段,在美国使用1.9GHz波段。
246GSTGross Sales Tax销售总额税
247GVDPGlobal Vehicle Development Process整车开发流程
248GVWGross Vehicle Weight车辆总重
249HMCHyundai Manufacturing Company韩国现代
250HMIHuman Machine Interface人机界面
251HRHuman Resources人力资源
252HSEHealth Safety Environment职业健康和环境与安全体系
253HTKOHard Tooling Kick-off硬模启动
254HTMLHyper Text Markup Language - it is the set of markup symbols or  codes inserted in a file intended for display on a  World Wide Web browser page.超文本标识语言——一组被插入在可用Web浏览器显示的文件中的标识符号或代码的集合
255QMS
Quality Management System合肥迈斯软件研发的QMS系统包括,制定质量方针、目标以及质量策划、质量控制、质量保证和质量改进等活动,基于物联网技术实现全面的质量管理
256I/OInput/Output输入/输出
257ICTInformation Communication Technology信息、通信和技术,在线测试仪
258IDCInternational Data Company国际数据公司
259IDFIntermediate Distribution Frame电脑网络下部构造的中间配线架
260IDPIndividual Development Plan -Be used for career development of  salary个人发展计划——用于薪水工职业发展。
261IEIndustrial Engineering工业工程
262IGESInitial Graphics Exchange Specification美国国家标准,它使得图形和基本几何数据可在绘图和造型系统之间
263ILUOHourly skill assessment standard  - ILUO describes the skill level, I-  undergoing training with constant supervision,L-be able to operate but  requires some  supervision, U-consistently  operates without supervision,O-understanding and complies with standard,φ-be a  trainer小时工技能评估标准——ILUO描述了员工技能的不同等级和水平,I需培训并经常监督指导,L能操作但需偶尔指导,U无需指导即能进行操作,O理解并遵循标准,φ完全可以作培训员。
264IMDSInternational Material Data System国际材料数据系统(汽车行业)
265IMTInalfa Management Team英纳法管理团队
266IP1. Instrument Panel
2. Investment Proposal
3. Internet Phone - Internet Phone is one kind  of telegraphic commercial software based on internet, which can transmit  voice via networks.
1. 仪表板
2. 投资假设
3. 网络电话——网络电话是一种结构在互联网络上用语音交谈的通信商业软件,可以实现网上实时交谈。
267IPAIso-propyl Alcohol, Isopropanol异丙醇
268IPC

1. Integrated Production Control (Software for Shop  Floor

2. Initial Production Containment - Special  production control during the period from PPAP to SOP to ensure product  quality, such as 100% inspection, increasing spot check, GM names it as  GP-12.

1. 综合生产控制(用于工厂的软件)
2.  初始生产抑制或早期生产遏制——指从PPAP到SOP期间进行的特别生产质量控制。如100%全数检查,增加抽查频次,通用公司将其简称为GP-12。
269IPPMInner (Internal) Parts per Million内部(产品缺陷)百万分率
270IPTVIncidents per Thousand Vehicles每千辆车故障数
271IPVInternal Product Volume内部生产产量
272IRIncident Report事故报告
273IRRInternal Rate of Return - The investment decision-making is  based on discount rate by measuring the current value of future cash flow in  and
consulting the interest rate of the bank.
内部回报率——通过测算需投资项目的未来现金流入的现值的假设下,所求得的贴现率(即项目内含报酬率),再参考银行存款的利息率进行比较,进行投资决策
274IRSInalfa Roof System英纳法天窗系统
275ISDNIntegrated Services Digital Network - It's a set of standards for digital transmission over ordinary telephone copper wire as well as over  other media.  Integrated Services  Digital Network in concept is the integration of both analog or voice data together with digital  data over the same network.综合服务数字网络——一组通过普通电话线或其它介质传输数字信号的标准。综合业务数字网从概念上说是把语音或模拟信号同数字信号集成于同一网络。
276ISIRInitial Sample Inspection Report初始样件检验报告
277ISOInternational Standards Organization - Including different  kinds of technical standardization for every walk of life. The organization  aims at promoting the standardization and the development of relevant  activities in worldwide, for
   the consideration of convenience in  international exchange of commodity
国际标准化组织——主要设计各行业各种产品的技术规范,该组织旨在“在世界上促进标准化及其相关活动的发展,以便于商品和服务的国际交换”。
278ISO/TS16949ISO/TS16949 - International automotive quality system  requirements国际汽车行业质量体系标准
279ISO14001ISO14001 - Environment Management System Standard环境管理体系标准
280ISO9001ISO9001 - International quality system requirements国际质量体系标准
281ISPInternet Services Provider - It's a company that provides  individuals and other companies access to the Internet and other  related services such as Web site building and virtual hosting.互联网服务提供商——一种为个人或企业级用户提供Internet接入或其它相关服务如Web网站架设和虚拟主机服务的公司。
282ISRInitial Sample Report初始样件报告
283ISWInitial Sample Warrant初始样件保证书
284ITInformation Technology信息技术
285ITRInventroy Turnover Rate库存周转率
286IVERIntegration Vehicle Engineering Release集成车工程发布
287IWInduction welding感应焊
288J-clipJ-clip - Plastic trim fastener in shape of J .J型条——像J形状的塑料紧固条。
289JCMSJohnson Controls manufacturing system - JCMS originates from  Toyota Lean Manufacturing System which includes 5S/Visual management,  standardized work, problem solving, kaizen, constraint management,  quick changeover, total productive maintenance,  kanban, error proofing, etc.江森自控制造体系——源自丰田汽车创立的精益生产体系,包括5S和可视化管理、标准化工作、问题解决、改善、制约管理、快速切换、全员生产维护、看板和防错等工具。
290JDJob Description岗位描述
291JDJob Description - The job's responsibility, knowledge and skill  requirement, qualifications,his/her boss and etc.岗位描述——该岗位的工作职责、知识及技能要求、资格要求、汇报责任等。
292JISJob Instruction Sheets作业指导书
293JITJust in Time - A production and inventory method popularized by  the Japanese whereby materials and supplies are delivered to the production  site at the precise time they are needed rather than being stockpiled in  a warehouse at the production site for a future  need.及时供货——一种由日本人推广普及的生产和库存方式。它的理念是将原材料和供应品准时地按照客户要求发送到生产地点,而不是储存在生产所在地的仓库中以备后用。
294KaizenImprove - Incremental, measurable continuous improvement.  Technique reflected by on-going, incremental small changes  that have positive impact.改善(日语)——持续的、可量度的持续改进。通过有正面影响的、不断进行中的、增值的小的改变反映出的技术
295KanbanAuthorization to make product-using cards, signals, or similar  mechanisms to communicate process demand upstream.看板(日语),利用卡片、信号或其它类似的机制来与生产过程的上游联络,从而授权生产。工厂现场管理展示各种信息的展示板的统称
296KCCKey Control Characteristics关键控制特性
297KCDSKey Characteristic Designation System关键特性标识系统
298Kick-off  MeetingKick-off Meeting  - The  first meeting to start a new project.项目启动会议——一个项目启动时开的第一次会议。
299KMKnowledge Management知识管理
300KPCKey Product Characteristics - A product characteristic for  which reasonably anticipated variation could significantly affect the  product's safety or its compliance with government regulations and is likely  to significantly affect customer satisfaction.关键产品特性——指该性能的合理预期偏差会对产品的安全性、符合国家规范或法规以及用户的满意产生极大的影响。
301KPHKilometers per Hour公里/小时
302KPIKey Performance Indicator关键绩效指标
303LANLocal Area Network - A compunication net formed by  interconnections of various computers, peripheral equipments and databases  within an local area. It is always used to link personal computers and  workstation in an office or a plant so as to share resource(eg.printer) and  exchange information.局域网——是在一个局部的地理范围内,将各种计算机、外围设备、数据库等互相连接起来组成的计算机通信网。常被用于连接公司办公室或工厂里的个人计算机和工作站,以便共享资源(如打印机)和交换信息。
304LATLot  Acceptance Testing批量可接受试验
305LBCLaser beam cutting激光切割
306LBWLaser beam welding激光焊
307LCLLower Control Limit下控制限
308LCRLean Capacity Rate正常生产能力
309LDTLaunch Deployment Team信息技术中启动部署团队
310Lead  TimeLead Time - The duration from confirming order to product  delivery.准备时间——定单确认至交货的时间。
311LEPCLocal Emergency Planning Committee本地应急情况编制委员会
312LEVLow Emissions Vehicle低排放车
313LHLeft Hand左手
314LIFOLast in first out - One of the inventory counting principles  often used in western countries, it allows the enterprise adds the cost of  inventory last into sales cost first, and so the sales cost is close  to maket value while the price后进先出——这是常用于西方国家存货计价核算的原则。允许企业为了减少风险,把后入库的存货先进入销售成本。这样在物价上升时,使销货成本更接近于现行成本。
315LINLocal Interconnect Network局域互联网络
316LMCLeast Material Condition最小量材料条件
317LPALayered Process Audit - Layered Process Audits (LPA) are a  system of audits performed by multiple levels of management. Key process  characteristics are audited frequently to verify process  conformance.分层审核——分层过程审核(LPA)是由多个管理层进行的系统审核。对
   关键过程特性进行频繁的审核以验证过程符合性
318LRRLaunch Readiness Report投产准备报告
319LSLLower Size Limit
Lower Specification Limit
规格下限——一个与CPK(过程能力指数)相关的概念,表示的是样本数据在规格范围内的允许最小值,它与规格上限之差的绝对值既是规
320LTALong Term Agreement长期降价计划
321LTLLong Term Lease长期的协议
322LVDTLinear Variable Differential Transformer线性可变差动变压器,属于直线位移传感器
323MAMath Matching数模匹配
324MARSMeasurement Analysis and Reporting Systems测量分析和报告系统
325MBMatch Body车身匹配
326MBOMManufacture Bill of Material制造物料清单
327MCMatching Activity匹配性评估活动
328MCRMaximum Capacity Rate最大生产能力
329MDDR/DMRMaterial Defective Data Report缺陷产品数据报告
330MEManufacturing Engineer制造工程师
331MEQManufacturing Engineering Quality Standard - The goal of MEQ is  to achieve zero defect, 100 percent efficiency  within thirty days after SOP.制造工程质量标准——MEQ的目标是0-100-30,即在开始生产的三十天内达到零缺陷和百分之一百效率。
332MESManufacture Executive System制造执行系统
333MIMeasure Index尺寸符合率
334MilestoneMilestone - The deadline we must finish the related job.时间节点——我们必须完成相关工作的时间期限。
335MISManagement Information System - Ergonomic system which can  provide the information service for the management decision-making,  establishes with the systemic ideology,take the computer as the basic  information processing method,and take the modern communication equipmeny as  basical
   transmission implement.
管理信息系统——用系统思想建立起来的,以电子计算机为基本信息处理手段,以现代通讯设备为比本传输工具,且能为管理角色提供信息服务的人际系统。
336Misc.Miscellaneous expenses/Petty - Miscellaneous payout that is not  on plan.零星费用——不纳入报告计划的零散开销费用。
337MMCMaximum Material Condition最大量材料条件
338MMSMaterials Management System - A system aim to accurately  reflects all material suppliers and components/material data.材料管理系统——用于精确反映所用材料供应商和零件/材料数据的系统。
339MOSManufacture Operation System - Describe the processes used for  product manufacturing in BOS.生产运作系统——BOS中描述产品制造使用的流程。
340MPDMeasurement Points Drawing测点图
341MPGMiles per Gallon每加仑英里数
342MPHMiles per Hour每小时英里数
343MPSMaster Productin Schedule主生产计划
344MPVMulti Purpose Vehicle多用途车
345MQAManufacture Quality Assurance制造品质保证
346MQCManufacturing Quality Control制造质量控制
347MQRMaterial Quality Review - Quality Management actions taken due  to supplier product quality problems.物料质量评审——由于供应商产生的质量问题而采取的质量管理行动
   。
348MRDMaterial Receipt Date物料到货时间
349MRFManufacturing Readiness Review制造准备工作评审
350MROMaintenance, Repair and Operations维护,维修和操作
351MRP1. Material Requirements Planning - Establishing and reviewing scheduling parameters for supplied components/materials.Communicating  accurate and timely material requirements to each material supplier.
2. Manufacturing Resource Planning - It's a kind  of management information system widely accepted by manufacturers today and  an important part of Enterpise Resource Planning (ERP) system, which focuses  on the planning
   and control of industrial process and represents  the integration of cash flow
1. 物料需求计划——对供给的零件/材料建立和回顾时序安排参数。对每个材料供应商提供准确的信息和及时的材料要求。
2.  生产资源规化——是当今制造业普遍采用的一种以工业工程的计划和控制为主线的、体现物流与资金流集成的管理信息系统,是企业资源计划(ERP)的重要组成部分。
352MSA1. Measurement Systems Analysis - The analysis to a complete  process used to obtain measurements.
2. Master Supply Agreement - The contract  includes information about price, frequency of delivering goods, convention of  secrecy, etc., which is subscribed before the business with the customer.
1. 测量系统分析——通过对获得测量结果的整个过程进行分析和评定,以选择适用的测量系统。
2. 主供货协议——和客户进行货物买卖之前签订的一个有关价格、送货频次、保密协定等的合同。
353MSDSMaterial Safety Data Sheet - Recorded all those information  relating to the material or product to make them to be used correctly and  safely. Those information includes physical and chemical characters, fire and  explosion protection, Health and saftey, leak and  disposal, sepecial caution and so on.物料安全数据表——用来描述某中材料或产品的各项信息以确保其被正确安全地使用。信息一般包括其物理和化学性质、防爆防火、健康安全信息、泄漏和废弃处置以及和特殊警告防护信息等。
354MSOManufacturing Sign-Off制造签发
355MTBFMean Time Between Failures平均故障间隔时间(常用设备参数之一)
356MTTRMean Time To Repair平均修复时间(常用设备参数之一)
357MYModel Year - The model year during which the program will  launch.车型年——在车型年中项目启动。
358MYModel Year产品年
359N/ANot Applicable不适用
360NANorth America北美
361NCNumerically Controlled数控
362NCAPNew Car Assessment Program欧洲新车评估测试
363NDTNon destructive Testing非破坏性试验和评估
364NGNo Good - A term used in Japan.不好——一日本术语。
365NINational Instrument美国国家仪器公司,公司名称,主要业务为数据测试设备
366NPVNet Present Value - return an investment based on a discount  rate and a  sense of future payment (negative values) and  income (positive values)净现值——将投资期间每年的投资支出与投资后的收益的净额,按照符合客观的现值率计算出(净流入或流出的)净现值。
367NSNot Sale新产品试制非销售阶段
368NVANon Value Added非增值
369NVHNoise Vibration and Harshness噪声,振动与不平顺性
370OCSOccupant Control Sensor用于座椅是否被坐着的控制传感器
371ODSOperator Description Sheets - Operation description sheet is  the document which tell how to do something with in details.It tells you the  way and requirement which must be done of certain  position,job or activity.作业指导书——作业指导文件是详细规定某项活动如何进行的文件。主要针对某个特定的岗位、工作或活动规定完成此项工作或活动必须达到的要求和方法。
372OEEOverall Equipment Effectiveness设备综合效率
373OEMOriginal Equipment Manufacturer - The roiginal equipment  manufacturer is the one which has its own production or own  productive technology and sometime buy the service of other company to finsh  its production.原始设备制造厂/主机厂——  设备制造商(OEM)是指拥有自己的产品或产品理念,但有时会为了开发和/或制造这些产品而购买某些服务的公司。
374OHSASOccupational Health and Safety Assessment Series - To manage  all occupational safety and health risk relating to business, which includes  plan, implement, achieve, audit and maintain the organization, planning  acitvity, responsiblity, pratices, procedure, process and  resource for the OHS policy.职业健康安全管理评价体系——组织全部管理体系中专门管理与其业务相关的职业安全卫生风险的部分,包括制定、实施、实现、评审和保持职业安全卫生方针所需的组织机构、规划活动、职责、惯例、程序、过程和资源。
375OILOpen Issue List开口问题清单
376Organization  ChartOrganization Chart - The chart descript the realationship of  the clerks, departments and groups.组织机构图——表示人员,部门,群组关系的图表。
377OSHAOccupational Safety & Health Administration职业安全和健康管理
378OTDOn Time Delivery及时供货
379OTSOff Tooling Sample - OTS parts are made out of production dies  with production tooling fixtures and production checking fixtures. It is  assembled at the selected local supplier and bench test validated. It should  have same localized content as SORP.The parts could utilize simulated  production processes to manufacture. Production machine and  production line rate are工装样件——指采用生产用模具、检夹具,在当地制造并经台架试验合格的零部件;其国产化率应与正式生产件相同,但可以采用模拟生产工艺、不用生产用的机床设备、不按生产节拍。
380PAPrograme Approve项目批准
381PA6Polyamide-6聚酰胺6或尼龙6
382PAAProduction Action Authorization生产行动授权
383PARETOA kind of chartPareto图,排列图,按事件发生的频率排序而成
384PBXPrivate Branch Exchange - It's a telephone system within an  enterprise that switches calls between enterprise users on local  lines while allowing all users to share a certain number of external phone  lines.用户级交换机——即公司内部使用的电话业务网络,一种公司内部的电话系统,能够交换公司内线电话,同时容许所有用户共享几根外线。
385PC&LProduction Control & Logistics Dept.生产控制与物流部(上海通用物流部门)
386PCBPrintd Circuit Board印刷电路板
387PCBAPrinted Circuit Board Assembly印刷电路板组件
388PCIPeripheral Component Interconnect - PCI is an interconnection  system between a microprocessor and attached devices in which expansion slot  are spaced closely for high speed operation.周边元件扩展接口——PCI是微处理器同附属设备的一种连接系统,这
   种系统的扩展槽排列得很近,以提高操作速度。
389PCMCIAPersonal Computer Member Card Internet Association - It's an industry group to promote standards for a credit card-size memory or I/O  device that would fit into a personal computer, usually a notebook or laptop  computer. Probably the most common example of a PCMCIA card is the 28.8  Kbps modem for notebook computers.个人计算机存储卡国际协会——一个工业组织,致力于促进一种可插入个人电脑,通常是笔记本电脑的,信用卡大小的内存或I/O设备的标准化。最常用的PCMCIA卡可能就是笔记本电脑用的28.8K的modem。
390PCPProcess Control Plan过程控制计划
391PCPAProcess Control Plan Audit过程控制计划审核
392PCR1. Product Cost Request
2. Problem Communication Report
1. 产品成本申请
2. 问题交流报告——PCR报告是对一个问题所有相关事实因素的综合陈述,它有助于我们说明问题的Who What When Where  Why五个方面。它为记录问题的解决措施提供了书面格式。
393PCSPieces块、件、片等
394PD-1PD-1 (Project Definition)方案定义
395PD-2PD-2 (Engineering Cost Analysis)工程成本分析
396PDA1. Physical Defination Analysis
2. Personal Digital Assistant - It is a term for  any small mobile hand-held device that provides computing and information  storage and retrieval capabilities for personal or business use, often for  keeping schedule calendars and address book information handy.
1. 物理特性分析
2. 个人数字助理——指为个人用户或商业用户提供计算、信息存储的小型移动手持设备,通常有记事本和地址簿功能。
397PDCAPlan Do Check Act - Previding a progressive measure to a  process, do it, check the result and take a suitable action to  improve it.计划-实施-检查-行动循环——一个以科学方法为基础的改善循环。对 一个过程提出改善方案,实施这个方案,评测结果,然后再采取适当
398PDF1. Portable Document Format
2. Packaging Data Forms
1. 一种文件格式
2. 包装数据表
399PDFSSProduct Development for Six Sigma - The utilization of  statistical methods and tools to predict and improve qualtiy before building  prototypes, and then verifying that quality with pilots,  pre-production and production units.产品开发六西格玛——使用统计方法和工具在制造样品前来预计和改善质量,然后以小批量试生产和生产件来确认其质量。
400PDIPre-Delivery Inspection发运前检查
401PDMProduct Data Management - PDM systems are used within companies to organize, access and manage information related to its products.PDM system  serve all the people who create or need timely access to accurate  product information in design, engineering and  manufacturing.产品数据管理——用于组织、获得和管理产品相关信息的系统,可以及时服务于设计、工程和制造相关人员创立或是获得产品信息。
402PDS1. Production Development System
2. Physical Defination System
1. 产品开发系统
2. 物料特性系统
403PEProduct Engineering产品工程
404PEILPotential Environmental Issues List - A list contains any  potential ergonomic
   issue of a project.
潜在环境问题清单——包含一个项目中所有潜在人机工程问题的清单
   。
405PET1. Program Executive Team
2. Polyethylene Terephthalate Plastic
1. 项目执行小组
2. 聚对苯二甲酸乙二醇脂塑料
406PF&DPersonal Fatigue & Delays个人,疲劳和延迟
407PFDProcess Flow Diagram过程流程图
408PFEPPlan for Every Part单一零件清单
409PFMEAProcess Failure Mode and Effects Analysis - Is a document used  to identify  potential failure modes for the process.过程的潜在失效模式分析——用于确认过程潜在失效模式的文件
410PHILPotential Hazards Issues List潜在安全问题清单
411PIProcess  Index过程能力符合指数
412PIFFProgram Initiation Feasibility Form项目初始可行性分析报告
413PKRProgram Knowledge Review项目知识评审
414PLCProgrammable Logic Controller可编程的逻辑控制器
415PLMProduct Lifecycle Management产品生命周期管理
416PLPProgram Launch Process项目投产流程
417PltPlant工厂/车间
418Plt  MgrPlant Manager工厂经理
419PLUSProduct Launch System - Describe the steps for product or  process
   development in BOS.
产品投产系统——BOS中描述产品或过程开发的步骤。
420PM1. Preventative Maintenance - Maintain instrument or equipment  periodical before it comes to   malfunction to insure it works properly.
2. Program Management
1. 预防性维修——在设备发生故障前定期的保养以保证设备的正常运行。
2. 项目管理
421PMPProduct Management Plan生产管制计划
422PNPart Number - The incode to indicate the part.零件号——用以表示识别零件的。
423POPurchase Order - A purchase agreement in form of sheet with  supplier.采购订单——与供应商之间达成的一种书面化的采购协议。
424PODSPassanger  Oppenancy Detection System乘客是否坐着的探测系统
425Poka  YokeError proofing device防错
426POMPolyoxymethylene聚甲醛,一种没有侧链,高密度,高结晶性的线型聚合物
427PpPreliminary Process Performance, Performance Index of Process初始过程性能——过程性能指数,定义为不考虑过程有无偏移时,容差范围除以过程性能
428PPAProduct Planning Approval产品规划批准
429PPAPProduction Part Approval Process - To determine if all customer  engineering design record and specification requirements are properly  understood by the supplier and that the process has the potential to produce  product meeting these requirements during an actual production  run at quoted production生产零件批准过程——用来确定客户工程设计记录和规格要求被供应商恰当地理解;同时,在实际生产中,在要求的生产速率下,工艺具备制造达标产品的潜力。
430PPCProduction Plan Control生产计划控制
431PPEPersonal Protective Equipment - It is a protection equipment  that can protect labour from accidents.个人防护设备——指劳动者在生产过程中为免遭或减轻事故伤害或职业危害的所配备的一种防护性装备。
432PPHProblems per Hundred每百辆车的问题
433PPHRPast Problem History Roadmap以往问题历史路径图
434PpkPreliminary Process Capability - Short-term study conducted to  obtain early information on the performance of new or revised  processes .初始过程能力——开展短期研究来获得有关新或更改的工艺表现的早期信息。
435PPMParts per Million - number/1000000.(产品缺陷)百万分率——数值/1000000得出的比例。
436PPSCPotential  Product Safety Concern - Any potential  safety/compliance issue潜在产品安全关注——任何潜在的安全/符合性问题
437PQPTProduction Quality Plan Team产品质量策划小组
438PRPerformance Review绩效评估
439PR&RProblem Reporting and Resolution问题报告和决议(通用汽车问题解决的一种形式)
440Process  Flow ChartProcess Flow Chart - Visual approach to describing and  developing sequential or related work activities. It provides both a means  of communication and analysis for planning,  development activities and工艺流程图——用视觉图表来描述和开发相关工作活动,以提供策划、开发活动和制造过程交流和分析方法。
441PrototypePrototype - Parts are to be made to authorized drawings,  templates, models, and/or other engineering design records, using specified  materials. Prototype Samples manufacturing conditions could be different from  regular  production requyirements, such as soft tooling,  simplified fixture,...etc.手工样品——按认可的图纸、样板、模型和/或其它工程设计资料,使用指定的材料制造的样件。样件可按某些不同于正规生产要求的方法制造,如使用软模具,简易夹具等。样件用于认证设计。
442PRPProduct Realization Plan产品实现计划
443PRTSProblem Resolution & Tracking System问题解决和跟踪系统
444PSAPotential Supplier Assessment潜在供应商评估
445PSDProblem Solving Document - Systematic problem sloving method  form of
   JCI, eg. 8D.
问题解决报告 - 问题系统解决方法表式,如8D。
446PSOProcess Sign-off - PSO originated from Daimler-Chysler is a  process audit on people, machine, material, method, enviroment, process,  software, fixture and tooling and so on under the condition of supplier  highest daily production speed.过程签发(工艺认证)——源于戴姆勒克莱斯勒,是对供应商实施的最高日生产节拍下的生产工艺审核。包括人、机、料、法、环、程序、软件和工装等。
447PSWParts Submission Warrant零件提交保证书
448PTRProduction Trail Run生产试运行——在产品SOP之前对产品的工艺及生产设备和生产人员的
449PV1. Product Validation - Analysis performed to verify  conformance to all specification requirements when product is constructed  using production processes, equipment and tools.
2. Parts Variation
3. Present Value - valued by current value
1. 生产验证——进行分析来确认所有技术规格要求的一致性,测试用产品应使用批量生产过程、设备和工装来制造。
2. 零件变差
3. 现值——换算至目前的价值
450PVSProduktions Versuchs Serie - A VW's abbreviation.批量试生产(德文)——大众汽车集团通用缩略语。
451PXIPCI extensions for Instrumentation面向仪器系统的PCI扩展,是一种由NI公司发布的坚固的基于PC的测
   量和自动化平台
452QAQuality Assurance质量保证
453QADAn EPR System Company Name一个EPR软件公司名称
454QAPQuality Assurance Planning质量保证计划
455QCQuality Control质量控制
456QCCQuality Control Circles质量圈
457QCOQuality Change Over快速切换
458QCOSQuality Control Operation Sheets质量记录表
459QEQuality Engineer质量工程师
460QFDQuality Function Deployment - A structured method in which  customer requirements are translated into appropriate technical requirements  for each stage of product, development and production.质量功能展开——是一种结构化的方法,用这种方法把顾客的要求转化为产品每一个阶段(开发和生产)适当的技术要求。
461QMQuality Management质量管理
462QOSQuality Operation System质量运作系统
463QPNQualifizierungs Programm Neuteile新零件质量提升计划(德文)
464QSQuality System质量体系
465QS-9000QS-9000 - Quality system requiements of American big three美国三大汽车公司质量体系标准
466QSAQuality System Assessment - A manual which is used for  idenifying the system is compliance with the QS9000 system  requirements or not.质量系统评估——用于确定体系是否符合QS9000质量体系的要求。
467QSBQuality System Basic Audit质量体系基础评审(通用)
468QSRQuality System Requirements质量体系要求
469QSTPQuality, Service, Technic, Price质量,服务,技术,价格
470Qty